Features of a good lesson plan that every teacher should know

To be able to teach effectively, there is the need for the teacher to prepare a lesson plan in advance before the actual lesson delivery.

A good lesson plan should have;

  1. General information or background variable; this includes the date for the lesson, the subject, references with pages of books from which you made the references, the class, the average age of pupils, number on roll, day, time, and duration of the lesson. These variables provide information that helps you to decide on the appropriateness of lesson delivery, content, and strategies.

Lesson Topic; the topic is the subject matter you are to cover in a lesson.
Your topics should be short and concise. For example, parts of flowering plant (science) or adjectives (English).

Objectives; your objectives must state the value of the lesson to your learners.
In other words, the objectives must state what skills, knowledge, and attitude your learners are expected to acquire. Your lesson may have more than one objective depending on the time available. The teacher must remember to use performance verbs like list, state, write, discuss, name, and identify in stating his/her objectives.

Relevant Previous Knowledge (RPK); the RPK consist of knowledge, skills, ideas, and experience that your pupils have already acquired. This is the basis upon which you are going to build your new lesson. The RPK doesn’t always need to come from a previous lesson. It could be some general knowledge they have acquired from daily experience.

Teacher/Learner Activities; this refers to the things we are expected to do as a teacher in the course of a lesson. It includes the methods of teaching, use of TLMs, at the right time and in the right manner as well as other classroom interactions. These interactions may involve you and your pupils or among the pupils themselves.

Core points; core points are the skills, attitude, knowledge, ideas, and other behavioral outcomes you want to develop in your pupils. They may simply be the subject matter content you expect your pupils to be conversant with. Your core point must be related to the objectives you have stated.

Evaluation; in the course of your teaching, is expected to ask questions, give exercise in the course of your lesson, and after the lesson. These could be written or oral quizzes to pupils? These constitute the evaluation of the lesson. They form the basis for the remarks after the lesson. Evaluation helps you to determine whether you have achieved your stated objectives or not.

Remarks; remarks are written after delivery of the lesson to indicate the level of success achieved and difficulties faced.

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